Absence from work
When you are sick you can stay home from work on full pay. Your employer pays your wages for the first 16 days. Thereafter your wages are paid by the national insurance office. We call these 16 days the employer’s period.
You must inform your employer on the first day you are away from work. If you are away because you are sick, this must always be documented. You can document this with either a self-certificate or a doctor’s certificate.
You also have the right to stay home from work when one of your children is sick. You can read more about this in the Intro participant book in Topic 5 Work, working life and the labour market.
A self-certificate means that you are yourself documenting that you are sick. You do not need to visit a doctor. You yourself decide whether or not you are too sick to work. There are rules concerning how often and for how long you can use a self-certificate.
The basic rules for using self-certificates are:
A doctor’s certificate means that a doctor documents the fact that you are sick. It is the doctor who determines whether or not you are too sick to work. There are rules concerning how often and for how long you can use a doctor’s certificate.
Leaves of absence
If you need time off work for a reason other than your own or a child’s sickness, you must apply for permission. You do not have an automatic right to leave. It is your employer who decides how many days leave you can have.
You can be granted leave with or without pay. It is your employer who has to pay your wages. The rules concerning leave are not the same at all places of work.
Some reasons for applying for leave:
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