Intro
Engelsk • English

Absence from work

Own sickness

When you are sick you can stay home from work on full pay. Your employer pays your wages for the first 16 days. Thereafter your wages are paid by the national insurance office. We call these 16 days the employer’s period.

You must inform your employer on the first day you are away from work. If you are away because you are sick, this must always be documented. You can document this with either a self-certificate or a doctor’s certificate.

You also have the right to stay home from work when one of your children is sick. You can read more about this in the Intro participant book in Topic 5 Work, working life and the labour market.

Self-certificates

A self-certificate means that you are yourself documenting that you are sick. You do not need to visit a doctor. You yourself decide whether or not you are too sick to work. There are rules concerning how often and for how long you can use a self-certificate.

The basic rules for using self-certificates are:

  • You cannot use more than four self-certificates in the space of a 12 month period.
  • A self-certificate can last for one, two or three days – you must also count Saturdays and Sundays.
  • If you are away from work for half a working day or more, you must use a self-certificate.
  • After using a self-certificate, more than 16 days must pass before you can use a new self-certificate.
  • After using a doctor’s certificate, more than 16 days must pass before you can use a self-certificate.
  • You cannot use a self-certificate during the first eight weeks after you start working at a new place.
  • You must tell your employer that you are sick on the first day you are away from work.
  • You must fill in a self-certificate form on the first day you return to work.

Doctor’s certificates

A doctor’s certificate means that a doctor documents the fact that you are sick. It is the doctor who determines whether or not you are too sick to work. There are rules concerning how often and for how long you can use a doctor’s certificate.

Leaves of absence

If you need time off work for a reason other than your own or a child’s sickness, you must apply for permission. You do not have an automatic right to leave. It is your employer who decides how many days leave you can have.

You can be granted leave with or without pay. It is your employer who has to pay your wages. The rules concerning leave are not the same at all places of work.

Some reasons for applying for leave:

  • Sickness or death of close family member
  • To accompany your child on his or her first day of nursery school
  • Religious and national festivals and holidays
  • Appointment at the doctor’s, dentist’s or physiotherapist’s
  • Own wedding
  • Moving home

Ansvarlig for disse sidene J.W. Cappelens Forlag AS. Læremidlet er utviklet med støtte fra Utdanningsdirektoratet. Tilbakemeldinger: intro@cappelen.no