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Primary and lower secondary education

©Jeff Cadge/Getty Images©Jeff Cadge/Getty Images

Compulsory education lasts 10 years in Norway. Children start school in the year they turn 6 years old. Compulsory schooling is divided into two parts:

  • Primary school, years 1 to 7
  • Lower secondary school, years 8 to 10

Primary school

In years 1 to 4, the tuition is characterised by a combination of the practices in both nursery school and school. The intention of the tuition is to allow children to wonder, and through play the pupils are encouraged to be curious and explore things. The tuition is largely organised into topics. In year 4 the tuition becomes somewhat more organised around the various subjects.

In years 5 to 7 the subjects are more clearly defined. The tuition is intended to develop the pupils’ knowledge, skills and ways of thinking. The intention is to help pupils develop their imaginations and ability to think critically. They have to work on problem solving in many different ways.

Lower secondary school

In years 8 to 10 the emphasis is on more academic learning and greater academic demands are made. The intention is to stimulate the pupils into becoming independent and able to concentrate and work together. Pupils get grades in lower secondary school: 6 is the best grade and 1 is the poorest.

Subjects in primary and lower secondary education

Below is a list of the subjects pupils take in Norwegian primary and lower secondary education:

  • Christian Knowledge, Religious and Ethical Education (KRL)
  • Norwegian
  • Mathematics
  • Social studies
  • Arts and crafts
  • Nature studies
  • English
  • 2nd and 3rd foreign languages
  • Music
  • Food and health
  • Physical education
  • Optional subjects
  • Class and pupil council work
  • Free activities

The most time is spent on Norwegian, followed by mathematics.

During the first years of primary school much of the learning is meant to take place through play. Why do you think this is the case? What do you think about this?

Christian Knowledge, Religious and Ethical Education (KRL) is compulsory for all pupils. What do you think about this?

Ansvarlig for disse sidene J.W. Cappelens Forlag AS. Læremidlet er utviklet med støtte fra Utdanningsdirektoratet. Tilbakemeldinger: