Intro
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Residence permits

©Torbjørn Tandberg/Samfoto©Torbjørn Tandberg/Samfoto

All applications for asylum are processed on an individual basis. An asylum seeker can be granted one of the following types of residence permit:

Asylum

An asylum seeker is entitled to asylum if he or she has a well-founded fear of persecution by the authorities or others in their homeland. Reasons for persecution can be ethnicity, religion, nationality, membership of a specific social group, or political convictions. Persecution means serious human rights violations or other serious injustices. A well-founded fear means that there must be a real risk of such violations occurring.

When a person is granted asylum, he or she is granted the status of refugee and receives a residence and work permit. The permit is valid for one year at a time and must be renewed.

The person is also given a refugee’s travel document. This travel document is not valid for travel to the refugee’s homeland. A child must have his or her own travel document.

Residence for reasons of protection

If an asylum seeker is not granted asylum but it is nonetheless unsafe for him or her to return to his or her homeland, he or she may be granted a residence permit for reasons of protection. These reasons can include general unrest in his or her homeland, or because he or she is at risk of torture or other inhumane treatment there.

The largest group of asylum seekers granted residence permits in Norway are granted permission to remain for reasons of protection. Such residence permits are normally granted as residence and work permits. The permit is valid for one year at a time and must be renewed.

If the person is unable to obtain a passport from their homeland, he or she can apply for an immigrant's passport.

Residence on humanitarian grounds

An asylum seeker can also be granted a residence permit on humanitarian grounds. People with serious health problems can in some circumstances be granted such residence permits. In special circumstances such residence permits can also be granted out of consideration for children.

Such residence permits are normally granted as residence and work permits. The permit is valid for one year at a time and must be renewed.

If the person is unable to obtain a passport from their homeland, he or she can apply for an immigrant's passport.

Temporary work permit

An asylum seeker may be granted a temporary work permit while the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration (UDI) processes his or her application for asylum. If the application for asylum is clearly groundless, or doubts exist concerning the applicant’s identity, a temporary work permit will not be granted.

You can read more about the various types of residence permit on the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration’s website. You will find more information about immigration and asylum policy on the Bip.no website.

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